Raksha Bandhan: History & it’s Significance

Known as Rakhi, Raksha Bandhan, or Rakhi Poornami, this festival is celebrated as a sign of love between younger brothers or sisters. The main feature of this festival is the tying of a Patti called rakhi by the sister as a token of love to the older brother or younger brother

  • Rakhi means the bond of protection. 
  • It is a great festival celebrated by brothers or sisters
  • This rakhi is tied to the elder brother wishing to rise to the highest heights. 

The festival, which symbolizes a sign of love between younger brothers or sisters, falls on August 11 this year. But this year there is confusion over the celebration of Rakhi festival on August 11 and 12.

How Rakshabandhan started? 

Raksha Bandhan: History & it's Significance
Attribution: Adbh266, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The story of Rakshabandhana also appears in the story of Mahabharata. When Dharmaraja asked Krishna about the benefits of Rakshabandhana, Krishna explained to him the benefits of this.

Shravana Poornami is also known as Rakhi Poornami and Jandhyala Poornami. Actually there is no concrete evidence of when and how Rakshabandhan started in India.

  • There are many notions associated with Raksha Bandhan, the following are some of them: Raksha Bandhan:

History of Rakhi Poornami: (Acc. to Puranas)

But, in Puranas: there are different kinds of stories about it. Indra was defeated while fighting Vritasura (Demon King). Then Indra’s wife Sachi Devi prayed for the success of her husband and tied a sacred thread to his right hand wrist

  • Later on all the gods tie those rakshas to Indra’s hand and send them to war. Indra who went like that won the war and regained Trilokadom. Thus began Rakshabandhan. Since then Rakhi festival has become a festival celebrated by everyone.

History of Rakhi Poornami: (Acc. to Mahabharata)

In the Mahabharata: Draupadi and Lord Krishna’s sister-sister connection is great. In the course of punishing Shisupala, Krishna used his Sudarshana Chakra and his index finger was injured and blood oozed out. While Satyabhama, Rukmini etc. who were there were worried and went to look for medicine for the wound, Draupadi tore off her saree and bandaged his index finger

  • In gratitude for this, God assured her that he would always be there for her. That is why when Dusshasana tried to disrobe Draupadi in the Kuru Sabha, Lord Krishna helped her.

Shri Mahavishnu – Balichakravarti Story

Lord Vishnu leaves Vaikuntha and comes to earth in the form of Vamana to save humans from the demons when the demon king Bali invades the earth. Then Goddess Lakshmi approaches the demon king Bali Chakravarti in the form of a Brahmin maiden. On the full moon day of Shravan, Goddess lakshmi ties the sacred thread to the emperor (demon king Bali Chakravarti) and tells him who she is. 

  • Goddess Lakshmi Requests Bali: She wants to send her husband back to Vaikuntha in some way.
  • In response, Bali leaves his kingdom and liberates the human beings. So he asks Vishnumurthy to go to Vaikuntha

Alexander’s wife (Roxana) – Purushottam’s story

In the chronicles, Alexander ‘s wife ‘Roxana’ wears a rakhi thinking that King Purushottam of Taxila is her brother. The Greek prince Alexander invaded India in 326 BC in his quest to become a conqueror. In that order, he marries Princess Roxana of Bactria (now Afghanistan). Alexander’s idea was to use her marriage to conquer Central Asia, especially the kingdoms between the Jhelum and Chenab riversAlexander declares war.  

  • Purushottam Enemy king – Ambi invites Alexander to invade India.

Purushottama prepares for battle with Alexander’s forces on the bank of Jhelum river. Alexander’s wife Roxana, who came to know about Purushottam’s prowess, considers him as her elder brother and wears RakhiShe asks not to kill her husband Alexander if he is defeated in battle. Purushottam looked at the rakhi in his hand but retired from the opportunity to kill Alexander.

Raksha Bandhan: symbolizes attachment

Rakhi Full Moon is celebrated very grandly across the country. Once celebrated only by the people of North and West India, this festival is now celebrated by everyone across the country. Sister ties rakhi to her brother and always wants Brother to protect her and herself to be by Brother’s side.

Raksha Bandhan: Contributes to the improvement of human relations

Everyone celebrates the festival of Rakhi as a symbol of their connections. Celebrated in the month of Shravan according to Hindu tradition, brothers and sisters across our country celebrate this festival as a symbol of love between them. The festival of Rakhi reflects the human values ​​that have become a necessity in the society today for the betterment of human relations. Rakhi festival should not be celebrated between blood brothers and sisters. Everyone who feels like a brother or sister, regardless of kinship or not, can say that they stand by each other through the bond of rakshabandhan.

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